Sales Order Item Category determination in SAP SD

An item category is used to define if an item is suitable for billing or pricing. It defines the additional control functions for a sales document.

Determine Item category:
Item category is determined automatically by the system based on the following criteria:
Item category = Sales Document type + Item category group (in material master) + Usage indicator (ABAP) + High Level I.Cat
It can be changed manually (if configured).

Sales Document types are configured at:
IMG: Sales and Distribution > Sales > Sales Documents > Sales Document Item > Assign Item Categories — transaction VOV4

Key field is:

  • Sales Document Type
  • Item category group from material master
  • Item usage
  • Item category of the higher-level item
  • Item category (Default item category,this can be overridden with manual item category value)
  • Manual item category (if business demands,we can add manual item category to override default item category)

Maintain (create) Item categories:
IMG: Sales and Distribution > Sales > Sales Documents > Sales Document Item > Define Item Categories — transaction VOV7

  1. Business Data (billing / pricing etc. information).
  2. General Control (It determine automatic batch,rounding permission and order quantity to 1 or not).
  3. Transaction Flow( Item screen detail ).
  4. Bill of Material (used for variant configuration).
  5. Value Contract (for value contract).
  6. Service Management (service scenario).
  7. Control of resource(resource related billing scenario).

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